How is Gum Disease Treated?
There are many ways gum disease can be treated depending on the stage, how the patient has responded to earlier treatments, and their overall mental and physical condition. At Periodontal and Implant Surgeons of Houston, gum treatments can range from non-surgical treatments that control the growth of bacterial to surgical ones that support and restore tissues.
The Non-Surgical Treatment
Surgery is not an easy process, be it any condition. Many patients tend to go for periodontal treatments that do not involve surgery.
Professional dental cleaning is the first option. During a regular check-up, our oral hygienist will remove the yellow sticky film from the tooth surface called plaque. Since the layer hardens up on the teeth, it can only be removed through professional scraping from above and below the gumline. Our doctor may recommend an oral clean-up at least twice a year under mild gum disease conditions. It is crucial to remember, however, that cleanings are not the treatment for gum disease but only a preventive measure that can help you slow down the severe development of bacteria.
Scaling and Root Planning
Scaling and root planning are an excellent pair of dental procedures that will help your dental health get back on track. This one is another non-surgical procedure where the gums are deep cleaned under a local anesthetic. The tartar and plaque are scraped away (scaling), and the rough spots are wiped to smoothen them (planing). Scaling and root planing are mainly done when our doctor says you have plaque and calculus present under the gums that need to be removed.
The Surgical Procedures
In some cases of advanced gum disease, treatment may involve surgery such as bone grafts or gum grafts. When the tooth bones are ruptured due to gum bacteria, fragments of your own bone, donated, or synthetic bones are used to replace the damaged one. The grafts are responsible for stabilizing the teeth by helping them regrow. The new form of a technology called tissue engineering encourages the body to grow its own bone tissue at a much faster but healthier rate.
Soft tissue grafts make the gums thicker or fill in spaces where the gums have significantly gone bad. Grafted tissue is usually taken from the roof of the mouth and stitched in areas that are affected.
Flap surgery is a procedure where the gums are lifted towards the back to scrape off the tartar. In most cases, the bones get damaged and become irregular to touch. Flap surgery can smooth the surface of such bones to limit the areas where the gum disease-causing bacteria can stick and hide. The gums are tied down so that the tissue fully covers the area around the tooth, leaving no empty spaces. Once the size of the space between the gum and tooth lessens, the threat of bacteria decreases just as well, reducing the chances of problems associated with periodontal disease.
In case you are facing any periodontal symptoms or think you might need an oral hygiene plan, our doctors at Periodontal and Implant Surgeons of Houston can help you out with what needs to be done. Call up our office 713-785-9599 and book your consultation today.