Symptoms of Gum Disease
The gums that are part of your tooth base are called Gingiva. When the Gingiva gets inflamed due to irritation, redness, and swelling, it becomes a mild form of gum disease called gingivitis or periodontal disease. It is essential to take milder forms of gum problems seriously since, according to our doctors at Periodontal and Implant Surgeons of Houston, they can develop into something more severe. Gingivitis can lead to more grave forms of issues such as tooth loss and periodontitis.
Early and Advanced Stages
The sign of healthy gums is their fixture around the teeth, firmness, and pale pink color. The signs and symptoms of gingivitis are swollen and puffy gums, receding gum tissue, gums that bleed when you brush or floss, or are dusky red instead of pale pink, and tenderness.
The early signs, despite what you might have heard, gum disease is not always painful, and you may not realize that you have it. The initial symptoms of gum disease have bleeding gums, swollen and red after minimal brushing and flossing. This stage of the disease is known as gingivitis.
The advanced signs are when the first stage, gingivitis, is left untreated, so the bone and tissues supporting the teeth can also become severely affected. This is the stage where gingivitis becomes periodontitis. Some of the latter's symptoms include bad breath and an unpleasant sense of taste in your mouth, loss of teeth, eating becoming hard, and pus developing under the gums.
Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, sometimes a condition called ANUG or acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis can suddenly occur. This form of oral dysfunction is more severe than general gum disease. The symptoms include painful gums, bleeding, ulcers, bad breath, receding gums in between your teeth, high body temperature, excessive saliva forming in the mouth, and difficulty performing basic tasks such as swallowing or talking.
The Preventive Measures
One of the leading causes of gum disease is the lack of hygiene maintenance in teeth. Keeping up with adequate oral hygiene measures like brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing at least once before going to bed can prevent plaque – a film-like substance formed by bacteria – from sticking on the tooth surface. Plaque is also the root cause of almost all gum diseases. Our dentists would recommend brushing after every small meal or snack as that allows you to clean away the food particles stuck between the teeth and the gums.
Moreover, visiting our dentist now and then for cleanings dramatically reduces the chances of getting periodontitis. If you risk getting a dry mouth or are taking certain medications for a medical condition, you might need professional scrapings more often. Dental x-rays every year can help identify the diseases that can't be seen through a simple visual examination, and your oral health can be monitored accordingly.
In case you experience any mild or more severe symptoms of gum disease, visit our office Periodontal and Implant Surgeons of Houston or book an appointment over the phone by calling our number 713-785-9599. We are here to help you with all your questions and concerns. The sooner you take preventive steps, the better chances you have for reversing the damage of gingivitis.